There over 20 villages surround Mount Rinjani, and there are many routes up the mountain, but the main access is from Senaru in the northern slope and Sembalun Lawang in the eastern slope. The challenging three-day Rinjani Trek routes from Senaru to the crater rim of Plawangan I, down to the stunning crater lake then on to Sembalun Lawang, is considered one of the best treks in South East Asia. Those heading for the summit usually prefer to start in Sembalun Lawang.

A model for ecotourism in Indonesia, the community-based activities are focused on the Rinjani Trek Centre in Senaru, the most popular starting point for the tough treks.

Developed with New Zealand Government assistance since 1999, the Rinjani Trek Centre embodies under one roof the unique partnership of the National Park, tourism industry and local communities that has been forged to manage and protect the Rinjani mountain environment.

What You Might See

Gunung Rinjani National Park lies within the major transition zone where the flora and fauna of South East Asia make a dramatic transition into that which is typical of Australasia. The Park has a rich variety of plants and animals, although they can be hard to spot due to the terrain and the rainforest cover. Sometimes seen early in the mornings is the rare black Ebony leaf monkey, known locally as Lutung.

The Long tailed grey macaque or Kera is common in Lombok and older males are seen on the crater rim.

Rusa deer are forest dwellers and are occasionally seen along the Rinjani trek trail.

The smaller Barking deer or Kijang has an alarm call with a distinct dog-like bark. Look for the disturbed ground where the Wild pig or Babi hutan has been foraging. Also found in the forest is the Leopard cat or Bodok alas, Palm civet or Ujat and Porcupine or Landak.

A variety of colourful birds live in the forests of the Park. Perhaps the best-known icon of the Park is the Sulphur Crested Cockatoo that is not found any further west of Lombok.

Many of the forest-dwelling animals, insects, birds, civets and monkeys owe their survival to the wild fig tree or Beringin as a provider of food and shelter.

The pine-like Casuarina species, Cemara, are a feature of the grassy higher slopes.

Orchids or Anggrek are also a feature of the grassland areas, as is Edelweiss or Bunga Abadi growing above the tree line; it is a beautiful icon of the Park and one of our best-known sub-alpine plants.

Rinjani Trek Center  

The Centre is located at the trailhead above Senaru traditional village. It offers information and displays for visitors on the trek, the National Park, Sasak culture and a range of activities available in Senaru. Displays include maps, Park interpretation, village walks and environmental guidelines. All trek arrangements can be made here, cultural tours booked and purchases made of local produce and handicrafts.

Fees are paid at the Rinjani Trek Centre idr 150.000 /pax. They contribute to the protection, maintenance and management of the National Park, Rinjani Trek route, village attractions and visitor facilities.


The Rinjani Trek is a challenging mountain walk and you must be prepared with good equipment, warm and windproof clothing. Rinjani can attract severe storms, lightening and strong winds. When the weather is settled, the sun is intense and the nights frosty. Parts of the trail are steep and slippery. Beware of bad weather and risks of exposure to the wet and cold or hypothermia. If caught in an electrical storm, take shelter and avoid prominent ridges. Beware of snakes, and stinging insects and plants. Leeches can be a nuisance in the wet season.

Volcanic Hazards

Although Mt. Rinjani has not erupted in recorded history, Mount Baru (2,363m) in the crater lake is an active volcano. It last erupted dramatically in 1994. Check the notice boards for recent hazards, and take advice from park staff and guides.

Spring Water

Fresh water springs are a feature of the trek and determine campsites. Your guide knows where these are. During the drier months (July-September) some springs completely disappear. Park staff and guides constantly monitor these water sources to determine their abundance.

Radio Communications  

You are advised to ensure that your guide is carrying a radio handset. Radios are available for rent at the Rinjani Trek Centre. In case of emergency the National Park authorities are also equipped with radio communications.

Telephone Communication  

We recommended you to bring any mobile cell to mountain for Emergency

Besides providing you the best equipment and the best experienced local mountain guide and porters, we also serve special food and beverages. We concern to serving you better on meals and beverages as from our total experience, food and drinks are become very essential in the mountain  where there are no food counter, or restaurants available.

Drinking Water:

Minimum 3 bottles of bottled water provided for each guest per day, ensuring you stay fit during and after the trek.


All type of seasonal tropical fruits are provided and served fresh during the meal time i.e; pineapple, orange, rambutan, apple, papaya etc..

Quality Food

All food served fresh and well cooked. Processed onsite with clean cooking equipment.

Camping tents equipment

Selected from major local branded with soft and clean mattress and pillows to give you total rest after a long trail of walk.

Guide and porters

We hire professional mountain guide and porters from the nearest villages in the area of Rinjani National Park who has passed the guiding and handling test and hold a valid guide license to implement the concept of “Echo Tourism”, by giving back the money to the local community.